Genocide of the European Jews by Nazi Germany and other groups
The Holocaust ▸ Facts ▸ Comments ▸ News ▸ Videos
The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the World War II genocide of the European Jews. Between 1941 and 1945, across German-occupied Europe, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population. The murders were carried out in pogroms and mass shootings; by a policy of extermination through work in concentration camps; and in gas chambers and gas vans in German extermination camps, chiefly Auschwitz, Bełżec, Chełmno, Majdanek, Sobibór, and Treblinka in occupied Poland.
You Might Like
Don't forget past, Jewish leader warns Germans on eve of WW2 anniversaryMany young Germans have failed to learn the lessons of history, and anti-Semitism is becoming entrenched in the land responsible for the Holocaust, a Jewish leader warned, a day before the 75th..
Without tourist revenue, Prague's Jewish community fears for future of welfare servicesWith ticket sales to Prague's Jewish quarter halted during the coronavirus lockdown, the community is having to tap its reserves to pay for welfare services for Holocaust survivors that tourists..
Coronavirus lockdown deepens Holocaust survivors' lonelinessElias Feinzilberg, a 102-year-old Holocaust survivor, had to commemorate Israel's annual memorial day for the six million Jewish dead on Tuesday separated from his family because of the coronavirus..
The loneliness of the long-distance Holocaust survivorElias Feinzilberg, a 102-year-old Holocaust survivor, had to commemorate Israel's annual memorial day for the six million Jewish dead on Tuesday separated from his family because of the coronavirus..
Annual Holocaust remembrance march in Poland postponed over coronavirusThe March of the Living, an annual education event that brings together survivors and others in Poland to remember the Holocaust, has been postponed due to fears of the coronavirus, the event's..
Spanish carnival troupe apologizes over Holocaust-themed paradeA Spanish carnival troupe whose Holocaust-themed parade outraged Jewish human rights groups and Israel's embassy in Madrid has canceled its remaining shows, organizers said on Wednesday.
No 'smoking gun' in wartime archives of Pius XII on Holocaust, Vatican saysThe Vatican will on March 2 open up its archives on the wartime pontificate of Pius XII to allow scholars to probe accusations that he turned a blind eye to the Holocaust, but they will find he helped..
Holocaust survivors in Israel getting more cash but some still impoverishedHolocaust survivors in Israel are better off financially than in the past thanks to the efforts of campaigners after decades of government neglect and bureaucracy, but some still live in poverty.
German Auschwitz prosecutor recalls powerful tales from Holocaust survivorsOf the hundreds of testimonies he heard from survivors of the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz, retired German prosecutor Gerhard Wiese says the one that touched him most was of a Jewish father who had..
With anti-Semitism on the rise, Auschwitz liberation commemoratedWorld leaders join aging Holocaust survivors in Poland on Monday to mark 75 years since the liberation of the Auschwitz death camp by Soviet troops, amid concerns over a global resurgence of..
Sorrow and triumph, an Auschwitz survivor's journey back to a former hellJona Laks could smell the burning flesh as she walked towards death at the Auschwitz crematorium. More than 75 years later, aged 90, she has returned to what was the most notorious Nazi death camp of..
Dutch Prime Minister apologizes for country's role in HolocaustDutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said on Sunday he was sorry for his country's role during the Holocaust and the lack of action against the persecution of Jews, becoming the first Dutch premier to make..
Pope asks Catholics to say 'Never Again' to the HolocaustPope Francis on Sunday asked the world's 1.3 billion Catholics to stop for a moment of prayer and reflection on the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Nazi death camp at Auschwitz and say "Never..
Anti-Jewish graffiti sparks anger in Italy ahead of Holocaust dayAnti-Semitic graffiti was found scrawled on the door of the son of a Holocaust survivor in the northwestern Italian town of Mondovi on Friday, triggering outrage from politicians and rights groups.
Germany still dealing with 'same evil' that led to Holocaust, president says in JerusalemGermany has still not learned "once and for all" its lesson from the Holocaust, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said on Thursday, as he expressed sorrow for his country's role in the murder of..
UK's Prince Charles, in Jerusalem, honors grandmother's wartime heroism saving JewsBritain's Prince Charles paid homage on Thursday to his grandmother, Princess Alice, for sheltering Jews in Nazi-occupied Greece, saying the royal family took great pride in Israel's recognition of her..
Netanyahu, Pence denounce 'anti-Semitic' Iran at Holocaust memorial ceremonyIsraeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu denounced Iran on Thursday as "the most anti-Semitic regime on the planet", telling world leaders at a Holocaust memorial event that Israel would always defend..
Macron, in Israel for Holocaust memorial, warns of 'dark shadow' of anti-SemitismPresident Emmanuel Macron said on Thursday France was determined to combat the hatred and intolerance that have fueled a sharp rise in anti-Semitism in his country as he met Holocaust survivors during..
Macron berates Israeli security men in tussle at Jerusalem church"Go outside," French President Emmanuel Macron demanded in English in a melee with Israeli security men on Wednesday, demanding they leave a Jerusalem basilica that he visited before a Holocaust..
Facial recognition could help discover fate of Holocaust victimsAn old photograph and modern face recognition technology could help two Israeli brothers find out how their father survived the Nazi Holocaust.
75 years on, Holocaust survivors struggle to recover property in PolandLea Evron, 85, has only fragments of memories of the fur factory and the three-story apartment building her family owned before World War Two in Zywiec, a small town in southern Poland.
Pain still acute as Hungary's Jews mark liberation of Budapest ghettoHungarian Jews on Friday marked the 75th anniversary of the liberation of the Budapest ghetto and the end of the Holocaust, which killed more than 500,000 Jews and destroyed a once-vibrant Jewish..
Poland's president says he won't attend Holocaust event in IsraelPolish President Andrzej Duda said on Tuesday he had declined an Israeli invitation to attend a Holocaust memorial event this month as organizers would not allow him to speak there, even though others..
Merkel expresses 'shame' during Auschwitz visit, vows to fight anti-SemitismAngela Merkel expressed "deep shame" on Friday during her first visit as chancellor to the Auschwitz-Birkenau Holocaust memorial and vowed to fight rising racism and anti-Semitism in Germany and..
Vatican 'disgusted' by anti-Semitic abuse of Italian Holocaust survivorA Vatican cardinal said on Friday he was "disgusted" by the anti-Semitic abuse of an 89-year-old Italian senator and Holocaust survivor who was given police protection after receiving death threats.
Holocaust survivor given police escort in Italy after threatsHolocaust survivor Liliana Segre has been placed under police protection after she received threats from far-right fanatics, security sources said on Thursday, highlighting concern about rising..
Mahatma Gandhi's 80-year-old letter wishing Jews 'era of peace' unveiled in IsraelGandhi wrote the letter to Head of the Bombay Zionist Association (BZA) A E Shohet, who was trying to enlist support of Indian leaders in favour of the movement to establish a national home for the..
Dutch railway to compensate Holocaust survivorsThe Dutch national railway NS said in a statement on Wednesday it would offer financial compensation to survivors and families of Holocaust victims who were transported via Dutch rail to Nazi..
Poland honors national soccer player murdered in HolocaustJozef Klotz, a Polish Jewish soccer player who scored the national team's first ever goal in an international match but was later murdered by the Nazis, was honored by Poland's soccer association on..