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Kenneth Kaunda

First president of Zambia (1924–2021)

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Kenneth Kaunda: First president of Zambia (1924–2021)
Kenneth David Kaunda, also known as KK, was a Zambian politician who served as the first president of Zambia from 1964 to 1991. He was at the forefront of the struggle for independence from British rule. Dissatisfied with Harry Nkumbula's leadership of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress, he broke away and founded the Zambian African National Congress, later becoming the head of the United National Independence Party (UNIP). He was the first president of the independent Zambia. In 1973 following tribal and inter-party violence, all political parties except UNIP were banned through an amendment of the constitution after the signing of the Choma Declaration. At the same time, Kaunda oversaw the acquisition of majority stakes in key foreign-owned companies. The 1973 oil crisis and a slump in export revenues put Zambia in a state of economic crisis. International pressure forced Kaunda to change the rules that had kept him in power. Multi-party elections took place in 1991, in which Frederick Chiluba, the leader of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, ousted Kaunda.

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Zambia’s founding President Kenneth Kaunda dies aged 97 [Video]

Zambia’s founding President Kenneth Kaunda dies aged 97

Kaunda, who ruled Zambia from 1964 to 1991, died at a hospital in Lusaka where he was being treated for pneumonia.

Credit: Al Jazeera STUDIO     Duration: 01:59Published

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The last of Africa's founding fathers: Kenneth Kaunda's life and legacy

the last of africa's founding fathers: kenneth kaunda's life and legacy
Zambia's first president will be laid to rest today at the country's presidential burial site situated opposite the cabinet office in Lusaka.
Sky News - Published

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