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Public interest litigation in India

Litigation undertaken for the general good

Public interest litigation in India    ▸ Facts   ▸ Comments   ▸ News   ▸ Videos   

The chief instrument through which judicial activism has flourished in India is public interest litigation (PIL) or social action litigation (SAL). It refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati and Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi. Before 1980s the judiciary and the Supreme Court of India entertained litigation only from parties affected directly or indirectly by the defendant. It heard and decided cases only under its original and appellate jurisdictions. However, the Supreme Court began permitting cases on the grounds of public interest litigation, which means that even people who are not directly involved in the case may bring matters of public interest to the court. It is the court's privilege to entertain the application for the PIL.

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Bilkis Bano Case: A professor, a politician & a journalist join hands to get her justice | Oneindia [Video]

Bilkis Bano Case: A professor, a politician & a journalist join hands to get her justice | Oneindia

In a significant turn of events, a group of eminent personalities, including retired philosophy professor Roop Rekha Verma, CPI(M) leader Subhashini Ali, and journalist Revati Laul, have joined forces..

Credit: Oneindia     Duration: 02:37Published

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Supreme Court refuses to interfere with HCs' orders in Indiabulls case

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Supreme Court refuses to entertain PIL on prisoner biometrics law

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SC gives PIL-lawyer Bhushan a lesson in public interest; terms a PIL argued by him as personal interest plea

Veteran advocate Prashant Bhushan, who argued several important public interest litigations resulting in landmark decisions from constitutional courts, on Thursday was called out by the Supreme Court..
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BMC says challenge to race course proposal is a PIL; CJ to decide bench

BMC argues that the petitions against the proposed theme park at Mahalaxmi race course should be treated as PIL and placed before a bench assigned to hear PILs. The bench sought an administrative order..
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Morbi victims' kin in SC, seek probe into drowning

Morbi tragedy victims file PIL in Supreme Court demanding constitution of SIT to probe Vadodara boat capsise incident. Tragedy Victims' Association highlights negligence of administration and demands..
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After 25 years of no response, HC disposes of PIL on med college

The Orissa high court has disposed of a PIL registered in 1998 after finding that though notices were issued on the petition, there was no response from the authorities concerned for the past 25 years...
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Krishna Janmabhoomi case: Supreme Court dismisses plea for removal of Shahi Idgah mosque

The Allahabad High Court dismissed a PIL seeking the removal of Mathura's Shahi Idgah Mosque, allegedly built on Krishna Janmabhoomi
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Don't file PILs on basis of unverified data: Supreme Court to lawyers

After dismissing allegations of stock manipulations by Adani group companies, the Supreme Court on Wednesday said filing such petitions based on "unverified and unrelated material" tended to diminish..
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Supreme Court notice to Centre, 11 states on PIL alleging caste-based discrimination in jails


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PIL in SC challenges new law on appointment of CEC, ECs; seeks 'independent, transparent' system

Amid a political row, an advocate named Gopal Singh has filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court seeking to quash a new law that gives sweeping powers to the central government for..
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PIL in Supreme Court seeking to include CJI in selection committee for CEC, EC appointment

A PIL was filed in the Supreme Court seeking direction to the Union of India to implement an independent and transparent system of selection constituting a neutral and independent selection committee..
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Illegal mining case: Jharkhand HC dismisses PIL filed against CM Hemant Soren, his relatives

The Jharkhand High Court on Wednesday dismissed the PIL filed against Jharkhand chief minister Hemant Soren and his relatives in an illegal mining case. The PIL was filed by one Sunil Kumar Mahato. The..
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Bombay HC issues notice to AG, gives Centre 6 weeks to reply to PIL against Para 4 of 10th schedule

Bombay high court on Wednesday gave six weeks time to the central government to file its reply to a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) challenging the validity of para four of the tenth schedule of the..
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Delhi HC asks Centre to clear its stand on plea against use of public servants to highlight achievements of ruling govt

The Delhi high court on Monday asked the central government to clear its stand on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by former public servants and sought direction to declare that no ruling party..
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Azaan on loudspeakers no noise pollution: High court

The Gujarat high court dismissed a PIL seeking a ban on the use of loudspeakers for azaan, observing that the call to prayer does not create noise pollution as it lasts less than 10 minutes. The bench..
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Social media information can't be part of PIL: High court

Information gathered from social media cannot be part of the pleadings in a public interest litigation, the Bombay HC said on Tuesday. A division bench of Chief Justice D K Upadhyaya and Justice Arif..
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PIL challenges hike in Bihar quotas, JD(U) suspects 'BJP hand'

JD(U) president accuses BJP of being behind a Public Interest Litigation filed in Patna High Court against the recent quotas hike. BJP previously challenged quotas for extremely backward classes and..
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Supreme court dismisses PIL challenging restoration of Rahul Gandhi Lok Sabha membership

The Supreme Court on Friday dismissed a PIL challenging the restoration of Congress leader Rahul Gandhi's Lok Sabha membership and imposed a cost of Rs 1 lakh on the petitioner. A bench headed by..
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SC junks plea for audit of source code of all EVMs

The Supreme Court of India has rejected a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) that alleged a danger to democracy due to the Election Commission's alleged failure to audit the source code of all Electronic..
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SC refuses to entertain PIL challenging law on control of services in Delhi

The Supreme Court of India has refused to hear a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) challenging the law that gives the Lieutenant Governor control over services in Delhi. The court stated that the Delhi..
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Disasters in Himalayan state are completely man-made, says HC

The Uttarakhand HC, while addressing a PIL over the lack of compliance with the Doon Valley notification for formulation of a tourism development plan within the valley, pulled up the state government..
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Student slapping incident: SC issues notice to UP govt, directs it to file reply by September 25

In response to the Muzaffarnagar child slapping case, the Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Uttar Pradesh government. The Court has directed the state police to provide an action taken report..
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SC asks Centre, state info comms to ensure public authorities make 'proactive disclosures' under RTI

The Supreme Court while dealing with a PIL filed by an Agra-based RTI activist and lawyer, seeking proactive or suo motu web-based disclosure of information as per the mandate of Section 4 of RTI Act,..
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HC junks plea to ban entry of non-Hindus to Gyanvapi

The Allahabad high court on Tuesday "dismissed as withdrawn" a PIL seeking a ban on entry of "non-Hindus" into the Gyanvapi compound to prevent damage to purported "Hindu signs/symbols found during a..
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Protect ‘signs of temple’ in Gyanvapi masjid: PIL in High Court

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SC refuses to entertain PIL on reason behind Manipur strife


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How rich is Puri temple? That's a big mystery as the last inventory was in 1978

After a PIL was filed in the Orissa HC on June 30, seeking to reopen the Ratna Bhandar for inventory, the HC Wednesday served a notice to the state-owned Shree Jagannath Temple Administration to file..
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Train mishap: PIL in Supreme Court seeks judicial probe into accident


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Howrah violence: Suvendu Adhikari files PIL in Calcutta HC, seeks NIA probe


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Enacting uniform civil laws Parliament's domain: SC

Disposing of a PIL filed by advocate Ashwini Upadhyay, the SC on Wednesday said it was within Parliament's exclusive domain to enact uniform marriage, divorce, adoption, and succession laws applicable..
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HC junks PIL seeking ban on non-medical circumcisions

The Kerala high court has dismissed a PIL seeking a ban on the practice of circumcision for non-medical reasons, saying contentions made just on the basis of media reports were not maintainable.
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Supreme Court dismisses plea to legalise alternative legislation process

The Supreme Court on Friday refused to entertain a PIL seeking a direction to the Union government to adopt the UK model of people’s petition, which forces UK parliament to discuss and debate an..
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Not just us, others too use religious symbols: IUML

Issued notice by the Supreme Court on a PIL for allegedly using name and symbol with religious connotations, Indian Union Muslim League (IUML) on Monday told the Supreme Court that there are many other..
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SC refuses to entertain PIL seeking menstrual pain leave for female students, working women

Observing that the issue falls under the policy domain of the government, a bench headed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud said that a representation can be made to the Union ministry of women and child..
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Why hasn't Lok Sabha deputy speaker been elected, Supreme Court asks government

The Supreme Court on Monday sought the response of the Union government on a PIL alleging that the present Lok Sabha, even after nearly four years of getting constituted, has not yet elected a member..
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Adani row: Supreme Court to hear plea seeking probe into Hindenburg Research report

The PIL seeks directions to set up a special committee to oversee the sanction policy for loans of over Rs 500 crore given to big corporates.
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HC junks review plea on CJI DY Chandrachud's appointment

The Delhi HC on Monday rejected a plea seeking a review of the dismissal of a PIL that had challenged the appointment of DY Chandrachud as the Chief Justice of India.
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Law making in legislative domain: SC refuses to entertain plea to declare Law Commission as 'statutory body'

The Supreme Court on Friday refused to entertain a PIL seeking a direction to the Centre to declare the Law Commission a "statutory body" and appoint the panel's chairperson and members. A bench of..
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Joshimath sinking: Supreme Court asks petitioner to mention PIL on Tuesday for urgent listing

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SC allows PIL seeking guidelines against conversion by fraud

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Why not ban caste rallies forever, asks Allahabad high court

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SC: Doubling number of judges not a solution to tackle pendency

Supreme Court on Tuesday refused to entertain a PIL seeking doubling the sanctioned strength of judges in all courts to deal with the huge pendency of cases, saying filling up of existing vacancies is..
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Population reaching stabilising level: SC junks PIL on two-child norm

The Supreme Court on Friday dismissed a PIL seeking a direction to the Centre to enforce 'two-child' norm in the country to control the rising population, saying the population is reaching a stable..
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SC to hear PIL against judge appointment system

The Supreme Court on Thursday agreed to list for hearing a PIL challenging the constitutional validity of the judge-selecting-judge collegium system, a mechanism which was created by the SC through two..
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A bench of Chief Justice D Y Chandrachud and Justice J B Pardiwala chided the petitioner-advocate K K Ramesh for misusing the PIL jurisdiction and said, "You can contribute more for national growth by..
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