The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on 15 June 2001 in Shanghai, China by the leaders of China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan; the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Charter, formally establishing the organisation, was signed in June 2002 and entered into force on 19 September 2003. The original five nations, with the exclusion of Uzbekistan, were previously members of the Shanghai Five group, founded on 26 April 1996. Since then, the organisation has expanded its membership to eight countries when India and Pakistan joined SCO as full members on 9 June 2017 at a summit in Astana, Kazakhstan. The Heads of State Council (HSC) is the supreme decision-making body in the SCO, it meets once a year and adopts decisions and guidelines on all important matters of the organisation. Military exercises are also regularly conducted among members to promote cooperation and coordination against terrorism and other external threats, and to maintain regional peace and stability. Criticisms of the SCO include that it is used by member states to shield each other from international criticism regarding human rights violations.
Sushma Swaraj called for strengthening cooperation within the SCO framework for comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security. She also urged members of the SCO to support efforts for.. IndiaTimes - Published
External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and her Pakistani counterpart Shah Mehmood Qureshi on Wednesday sat next to each other during the Council of Foreign Ministers meeting at Shanghai Cooperation.. IndiaTimes - Published
India has been calling for the reform of the UN Security Council (UNSC) along with Brazil, Germany and Japan for long, emphasising that it rightly deserves a place at the UN high table as a permanent.. IndiaTimes - Published
Terror, connectivity & Afghanistan were the main focus areas for India when External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj delieverd speech at the Shanghai cooperation organization Foreign Ministers meet in.. DNA - Published
Addressing the meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Council of foreign ministers here in the Kyrgyz capital, external affairs minister Sushma Swaraj said India is determined to consistently.. IndiaTimes - Published
Sushma Swaraj arrived Kyrgyz capital to attend a two-day meeting of the SCO Council of Foreign Ministers. The external affairs ministry said that the Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) will exchange.. IndiaTimes - Published
The external affairs ministry said the Council of Foreign Ministers (CFM) will exchange views on topical issues of international and regional importance, besides reviewing the preparation for the SCO.. IndiaTimes - Published