Varna (Hinduism)

Social classes in Brahminical books

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Varṇa, in the context of Hinduism, refers to a social class within a hierarchical caste system. The ideology is epitomized in texts like Manusmriti, which describes and ranks four varnas, and prescribes their occupations and duties, or dharma.
  • Brahmins: vedic scholars or priests or teachers.
  • Kshatriyas: administrators or rulers or warriors.
  • Vaishyas: agriculturalists or farmers or merchants.
  • Shudras: artisans or laborers or service providers.


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