Social classes in Brahminical books
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Varṇa, in the context of Hinduism, refers to a social class within a hierarchical caste system. The ideology is epitomized in texts like Manusmriti, which describes and ranks four varnas, and prescribes their occupations and duties, or dharma.
- Brahmins: vedic scholars or priests or teachers.
- Kshatriyas: administrators or rulers or warriors.
- Vaishyas: agriculturalists or farmers or merchants.
- Shudras: artisans or laborers or service providers.
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