Kanpur( pronunciation; formerlyCawnpore) is a large city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The city is famous for its leather and textile industries. It is the 11th most populous urban agglomeration in India and largest urban agglomeration in Uttar Pradesh. Kanpur was an important British garrison town until 1947 when India gained independence. Kanpur the administrative headquarter of Kanpur (Urban) district and Kanpur division.